Why Birds Love Migrating to Uganda

Suhail Mugabi2022-05-13 20:11530

Last Updated on May 27, 2022

Uganda, also known as the Pearl of Africa, has so many distinctive attractions, making the country one of the best tourist destinations globally. Some of these attractions include the variety of game stock and its beautiful scenery.

Uganda’s substantial natural resources for tourism and the variety of landscapes, ecosystems, climates, and cultures are some of the unique features that make the country a beauty to behold. However, one thing that also stands out that has not been getting the clout it really deserves is the sheer variety of bird species that country has.  

As of August 2021, Uganda has 1080 confirmed bird species, making it one of the countries with the world’s widest range of bird species. Some of these are endemic to the country and draw many bird watchers to the country.

Some birding destinations include the Budongo, Queen Elizabeth national park, Kibale national park, and Bwindi impenetrable forests. Other great birding destinations include the Mabamba bay, Mabira forest, Lutembe sites, and Entebbe botanical gardens. 

Bird Migration to Uganda

Some of the birds found in Uganda are migratory birds that come from different parts of the world. One place where some of these birds can be seen is the peninsula of Entebbe, a stopping point for birds migrating from the northern to the southern hemisphere, where many new species are sighted annually. 

According to conservationists, Bird Migration is a unique phenomenon; the fascinating wonder is that birds move throughout the year, making return journeys every few months. Every year, most birds in the northern hemisphere migrate to the southern hemisphere to survive harsh climatic conditions, breed and look for better feeding environments. Millions of birds migrate and wander around the African continent. However, over 20% of bird species in Uganda are known to be migrants comprised of both water birds and non-water birds.

Why Migratory Birds Like Uganda

Migratory species in Uganda are linked to the Mediterranean flyway, mainly using the Nile basin for movements commonly in winter seasons in Asia, Eastern Europe, and Siberia sub-region. Different seasons involve the distribution of different birds, some of which arrive in October and fly back in March. April and October winter is unfavorable for certain bird species, making them look for better conditions. 

Birds try to accumulate fat and learn how to control their sleep patterns before flying, following a migratory path using the sun’s direction. Interestingly, they take different routes while returning to their original homes. These species, both young and old, include the gulls, passerines, small waders, ducks, and storks.

Why Should We Recognise World Migratory Bird Day?

World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) is recognised to create an awareness-raising campaign highlighting the need to conserve migratory birds and their habitats. It aims to draw attention to the threats migratory birds face, their ecological importance, and the need for international cooperation to conserve them.

This year’s World Migratory Bird Day will focus on Light pollution.

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Suhail Mugabi

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